PERM Labor Certification

In our continuing series of reports, Charles (“Charlie”) Oppenheim, Chief of the Visa Control and Reporting Division, U.S. Department of State, shares his most recent analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories with AILA (the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association).

Below are highlights from the most recent “check-in with Charlie” (June 9, 2016), reflecting his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

This month, Charlie examines the final action date movements in the July 2016 Visa Bulletin and his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

EB-4 and Certain Religious Workers (SR) Preference Categories. As previously predicted, and noted in the July Visa Bulletin, a cut-off date of January 1, 2010 will be imposed in July for EB-4 Mexico. This is the same cut-off date imposed earlier this fiscal year for EB-4 El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. There will be no forward movement in these categories prior to the end of the fiscal year. Despite the cut-off date in these categories, it is expected that EB-4 Mexico will become current in October and EB-4 El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras should advance to a 2015 cutoff date. A more precise prediction of the cut-off cannot be made until pending demand in September is reviewed. Charlie predicts that a cutoff date for EB-4 India will need to be imposed for August.

Family-Based Projections. FB-4 China, which shared the FB-4 Worldwide final action date until retrogressing in June to January 1, 2003, will remain at that cut-off date through July. Last month, Charlie raised the possibility of advancement in FB-4 China before October. Of course, any forward movement this fiscal year would require a decrease in demand in the FB-1, FB-2, and FB-3 preference categories. Once there is an infusion of new visa numbers in October, it is expected that the category will recover to the prior cut-off date of July 2003 no later than November.

Similar to FB-4 China, FB-4 India recently tracked the FB-4 Worldwide final action date until it retrogressed in June . However, unlike FB-4 China, the final action date for FB-4 India will definitely remain at January 1, 2001, through September. Charlie predicts that FB-4 India will advance to the former July 2003 cutoff date early in the next fiscal year, but expects that recovery to happen more slowly than for FB-4 China. Charlie anticipates that the FB-4 India date will reach late 2002 for October, and may fully recover to July 2003 by the end of the calendar year.

China EB-2 and EB-3. In June, the final action date for both EB-2 and EB-3 China retrogressed to January 1, 2010. Charlie reminds us that there will be no forward movement in either of these categories this fiscal year.

EB-2 Worldwide and India. It is likely that a cut-off date will be imposed for EB-2 Worldwide by September due to sustained high demand. In May alone, 4,300 EB-2 numbers were used worldwide (including PRC and EB-2 India demand). The impetus for this demand is unclear; it is unlikely the result of EB-3 upgrades, since the EB-3 date has essentially been “current” for a long time. In May, Charlie allocated EB-2 numbers to more than 1,400 applicants with priority dates of 2014 and earlier.

Charlie anticipates EB-2 India’s final action date will be one week beyond EB-3 India through the rest of the fiscal year. Based on current usage, there should be sufficient available unused EB-3 numbers worldwide to enable moderate forward movement in India EB-3 in the month of September.

Cutoff Date for China and India EB-1 Expected by End of Fiscal Year. In May alone, Charlie received requests for approximately 4,000 EB-1 numbers worldwide (including China and India). Members should expect to see a cut-off date imposed for China EB-1 and India EB-1 this fiscal year in either August or September. Both categories are expected to become current again in October. A cut-off date will not be imposed for EB-1 Worldwide (i.e., rest of the world, besides India and China) this fiscal year.

 

You may access the July 2016 Visa Bulletin here and the June 2016 Visa Bulletin here.

___________________________

Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP. Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

 

 

In our continuing series of reports, Charles (“Charlie”) Oppenheim, Chief of the Visa Control and Reporting Division, U.S. Department of State, shares his most recent analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories with AILA (the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association).

Below are highlights from the most recent “check-in with Charlie” (April 13, 2016), reflecting his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

This month, Charlie examines the final action date movements in the May 2016 Visa Bulletin and his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

Family-Based Projections. Because most family-based demand is generated at overseas posts, Charlie has greater visibility into those categories and is able to move the final action dates more consistently than the employment-based categories, which has a high percentage of USCIS-based (adjustment of status) filings. As a result, dramatic fluctuations in the family-based categories tend to be rare and typically occur only when there is a surge in family-based applicants responding to the agent of choice letter and becoming documentarily qualified.

As noted in the May Visa Bulletin, the final action dates for FB-4 China and India will remain at July 22, 2003, consistent with the final action date for FB-4 Worldwide. However, we can expect to see changes soon due to an increase in demand in both of these categories in recent months. The FB-4 India final action date will likely retrogress, possibly as early as June. It may also be necessary to hold or retrogress the FB-4 China final action date in late summer.

New Final Action Date for EB-4 and Certain Religious Workers (SR) Preference Categories. In May, a final action date of January 1, 2010 will be imposed for EB-4 and certain religious workers from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. The imposition of a final action date for these countries in these categories is primarily attributable to a spike in demand for adjustment of status over the past two months for Special Immigrant Juvenile (SIJS) applicants. As noted in the Bulletin, any forward movement in these categories this fiscal year is unlikely.

Charlie advises that the per country limit for this category has already been reached for these countries for this fiscal year. Given EB-4 Worldwide demand, it is unlikely that there will be any additional “otherwise unused numbers” to allocate to these countries. Similarly, it is extremely likely that EB-4 India and Mexico will also become oversubscribed at some point during the summer months.

EB-5 China. Although demand in this category is increasing, I-526 petitions are being acted upon more quickly so the final action date may continue to advance slowly. Charlie has good visibility into demand in this category since most of these cases are at the NVC, although they are becoming documentarily qualified at their own pace.

EB-2 and EB-3 Philippines. EB-2 Philippines remains current and Charlie expects it to remain so for the foreseeable future. With regard to EB-3 Philippines, Charlie expects the final action date to continue to advance a few months at a time, consistent with movement over the past few months. He does not foresee it returning to the Worldwide final action date this fiscal year.

There is significant pent up demand in this category and given the greater level of visibility into it, Charlie is able to more the final action date consistently. Currently, the Texas Service Center has more than 1,600 EB-3 Philippines cases in the pending demand file and the Nebraska Service Center has more than 1,200. Demand at the U.S. Consulate in Manila is about half of that at USCIS. Charlie hopes that the EB-3 Philippines final action date will advance as far as mid-2010 by the end of this fiscal year.

EB-2 and EB-3 China. Recently, number usage for EB-3 China has exploded due to the EB-3 downgrade effect that Charlie has been expecting. Although anticipated, there was no advance warning as to when this demand would materialize, to what extent, or for how long. Demand for EB-3 China numbers exceeded 400 in March alone. EB-2 China spiked to 850 in March. April demand in both categories is expected to be at least on par with March demand, and may possibly exceed it. As a result, it would most likely be necessary to retrogress EB-2 and EB-3 China in June in an effort to hold number use within the annual limit.

EB-1 Demand and Impact to Other Categories. EB-1 demand from USCIS increased almost 100 percent from February (2,500+) to March (5,000+) which reflects more than 95 percent of the EB-1 Worldwide demand. This spike leaves fewer numbers to potentially spill down to other categories, which will impact EB-2 final action dates. Members should expect that the EB categories that typically rely on unused EB-1 numbers, such as EB-2 India, will be impacted. It remains to be seen whether a cut-off date will need to be established for any EB-1 countries this fiscal year.

India Employment-Based Final Action Dates. The final action date for EB-2 India will advance modestly, from November 8, 2008 in April to November 22, 2008 in May. Similarly, EB-3 India will creep forward from August 8, 2004 in April to September 1, 2004 in May. EB-3 demand, after the initial allocation of numbers, has been increasing by 100 month over month from January to February and February to March.

A number of factors make it difficult for Charlie to accurately predict movement in these categories. Increased EB-1 usage negatively impacts the supply of available visas for EB-2 India, and upgrades are currently driving EB-2 India demand. As a result of these two factors, there may be fewer numbers available to EB-2 India than previously expected.

When USCIS requests an EB-2 number in an upgrade case, it also asks that the previously requested EB-3 number be cancelled. Charlie has no visibility into EB-2 upgrade demand until USCIS completes adjudication of the I-485, requests an EB-2 number, and cancels the EB-3 number. This lack of visibility can potentially result in unexpected and dramatic changes in the EB-2 India final action date, as well as other employment-based preference categories.

You may access the May 2016 Visa Bulletin here and the April 2016 Visa Bulletin here.

___________________________

Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP. Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

Congress in 2015 tried to tackle new EB-5 reform legislation, but instead chose to extend the program without any changes until September 30, 2016. This was a result of an impasse on issues relating to increase in the capital threshold amount and the change in the metrics used to determine what is a (“TEA”) targeted employment area. The contentious debate on these issues provided both developers and regional centers one more year of status quo in the program.

What will happen this year is anyone’s guess. What we do know is that Congress is holding hearings on EB-5 reform. These hearings provide the opportunity for individuals in the EB-5 industry to voice their opinion as to the future of the program.

On Wednesday April 13th 2016, the Senate Judiciary Committee held its second hearing of 2016 on the EB-5 Program titled, The Distortion of EB-5 Targeted Employment Areas: Time to End the Abuse.  The Senate Judiciary Committee heard from several witnesses including the Executive Director of IIUSA, Peter Joseph.  IIUSA is the national non-profit trade association representing EB-5 developers, regional centers and other professionals that are in the EB-5 space. Peter Joseph in his testimony pointed to several critical issues that the Committee should consider in the long term reauthorization of the EB-5 legislation. Those issues include:

  • Increase visa capacity to enhance economic impact of EB-5 and address the backlog of

investors currently waiting for visas to be available.

  • Staff commercially viable processing system at USCIS that addresses existing backlogs

and prioritizes predictability and length of processing times for EB-5 related petitions and

applications.

  • Avoid retroactive application of new law and reform to protect the existing EB-5

investors and their families and the billions of dollars in financial commitments and

contractual obligations.

  • Ensure all EB-5 investors with petitions currently filed, or at a later stage in the EB-5

process, are guaranteed adjudication (not approval) and eligibility for immigration

benefits throughout the entire EB-5 process (I-526 petition, EB-5 visa issuance, and I-829 petition)

regardless of future reforms, lapses, or expiration of the program.

  • Continue to allow economic impact models including indirect/induced job creation to

count for EB-5 purposes (using the same econometric models that are generally accepted

as economic policymaking tools by government, academia, and business).

  • Improve program integrity, including through enhanced oversight and reporting

requirements of Regional Centers that are not unduly burdensome, such as site visits

funded by user fees.

  • Clarify geographic (including targeted employment areas (TEAs)), structural, and

industry project characteristics that enable consistent adjudication of EB-5 petitions and

applications.

The issues that Peter Joseph mentioned in his testimony on Capitol Hill clearly mirror the position that most in the EB-5 industry have taken on EB-5 reform. The program has been largely a success with a substantial amount of foreign capital being invested in job creating projects in the United States. Everyone in the EB-5 space would like to see an extension of the EB-5 legislation for at least a five (5) year period.

Since 2008, the Program’s annual contribution to foreign direct investment inbound into the U.S. grew over 1,200% to total almost $5 billion in fiscal year 2015 alone. This investment capital is creating tens of thousands of jobs for U.S. workers in diverse communities by funding projects in a wide variety of industry sectors across the country.

Will Congress take any action this year to reform the current EB-5 legislation? I believe not.

This is a Presidential election year. It is very likely that Congress will defer on making any substantive changes to the EB-5 program until 2017. Immigration reform legislation has never passed both houses of Congress in an election year.

The economic benefits of the EB-5 program are not in dispute. The major issue that Congress needs to address is improving the compliance portion of the legislation. This will provide transparency to the program. Something that is much needed.

 

In our continuing series of reports, Charles (“Charlie”) Oppenheim, Chief of the Visa Control and Reporting Division, U.S. Department of State, shares his most recent analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories with AILA (the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association).

Below are highlights from the most recent “check-in with Charlie” (March 10, 2016), reflecting his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

This month, Charlie examines the final action date movements in the April 2016 Visa Bulletin and provides his projections for monthly final action date movement through the first calendar quarter of 2016.

Final Action Date Movements Consistent with Prior Predictions. The Final Action Dates in the April 2016 Visa Bulletin are consistent with Charlie’s predictions last month (see below).  In February, Charlie predicted that we would continue to see forward movement of up to five months in EB-2 and EB-3 China, and in April, EB-2 China will advance one month and EB-3 China will advance one and a half months. This modest advancement is attributable to an increase in I-485 cases in these categories coming to completion.

Charlie indicates that he has limited to no visibility into immigrant visa demand at USCIS until USCIS completes adjudication of an I-485 and requests a visa number. The difference in USCIS processing times at various offices makes it difficult to predict future demand and thus, difficult to adjust the Final Action Dates in such a way as to avoid volatility over the course of the fiscal year. For example, when the February Final Action Dates were announced in early January, USCIS reported 400 India EB-2 applicants who were eligible for final action, but by the end of February, USCIS had requested an additional 300 of these numbers. When an abrupt increase in demand such as this occurs, it is impossible to know whether it represents a sustained increase in demand in that category, whether it is the result of preference category upgrades or downgrades, or whether it merely represents a one-time reallocation of adjudication resources. Additional transparency and data analytics into pending I-485s would be helpful, and it is hoped that USCIS’ use of the Dates for Filing will eventually provide such insight.

Although it is imperfect, Charlie must make assumptions regarding upcoming demand based on the available data and his prior experience in an effort to stabilize Final Action Date movements. Charlie prefers to advance the Final Action Dates conservatively in the hope of avoiding a retrogression later in the fiscal year, especially in categories that are subject to upgrades and downgrades. Unfortunately the need to generate sufficient demand to use all numbers available under the annual limits often requires aggressive forward movement of the dates. This is the case with the EB-3 Worldwide cut-off date which has advanced 16 months in the past year, and is only one month behind today’s calendar date.

Forward movement in the EB-3 China Final Action Date has been slow due to concerns that EB-3 downgrade cases (from EB-2 China) may soon come to completion and result in a spike in demand in that category.

April movement in the Indian employment-based categories is also consistent with Charlie’s predictions last month. The EB-2 India Final Action Date will advance less than one month in April, moving to November 8, 2008. Forward movement in this category could be slower than originally expected due to increasing demand in this category which can be attributed to upgrades from EB-3 India. Additionally, EB-1 Worldwide usage continues at a steady pace, making it unclear how many numbers might be available to fall down for potential use in EB-2 India. This should become clearer in the coming months as additional demand data becomes available. The EB-3 India Final Action Date will also advance only three weeks to August 8, 2004.

Announcing the NVC EB-5 Investor Assistance Desk. The April Visa Bulletin also included an announcement regarding the new National Visa Center (NVC) EB-5 Investor Assistance Desk. The NVC has created a dedicated email address (NVCeb5@state.gov) to address EB-5 inquiries. This email box will be staffed with officers who are knowledgeable in EB-5 matters in an effort to improve customer service.

—–

As we did not post Charlie’s predictions from last month, here are his February 2016 predictions:

EB-2 and EB-3 China. Final action dates for EB-2 and EB-3 China will continue to advance in March. EB-2 China will advance five months from March 1, 2012 to August 1, 2012.  Charlie believes that there is potential for EB-2 China to continue to advance monthly at this same rate.  EB-3 China will advance more dramatically in March, from October 1, 2012 to June 1, 2013, and Charlie believes that this category has the potential to continue to advance five months each month.  However, it is extremely important to remember that changes in USCIS demand patterns could drastically alter cut-off date movement and require corrective action at some point.

Charlie is watching these two categories and the interplay between them closely. In the February Bulletin, the EB-3 China final action date was seven months ahead of EB-2 China.  In March, the final action date for EB-3 China will be ten months ahead of the EB-2 China final action date.  Over the past two years, when the final action date for EB-3 China advanced beyond EB-2 China, EB-2 applicants responded by filing new I-140s to downgrade to EB-3, thus shifting the demand from EB-2 to EB-3.  The surge in EB-3 demand slowed the advancement of the cut-off date and ultimately led to retrogression of that category.  Although Charlie expects a similar pattern this year, significant EB-3 China demand has not yet materialized.

Note that while the filing dates for EB-2 and EB-3 India have not changed since last month (they remain at July 1, 2009 and July 1, 2005 respectively), the filing date for EB-2 China will advance five months (from January 1, 2013 to June 1, 2013) and the filing date for EB-3 China will advance 19 months (from October 1, 2013 to May 1, 2015). Charlie indicated that EB-3 China usage is split evenly between consular filings and adjustment of status filings at USCIS.  If USCIS were to permit adjustment of status filings for EB-3 and EB-2 China, it may help generate sufficient demand to balance out the final action dates in both of these categories.

EB-2 India. A fair amount of demand is starting to materialize in EB-2 India, including EB-3 upgrades. This is starting to slow the advancement of the final action date for EB-2 India, which will advance only one and on-half months in March (from August 1, 2008 to October 15, 2008).  Charlie expects this category to advance at a rate of up to three months.  When EB-1 and EB-2 Worldwide demand is assessed in June, more numbers may fall down to this category which could impact its movement.

EB-5 China. Charlie predicts that EB-5 China will continue to advance slowly and at a rate which would avoid the need for a retrogression.

—–

You may access the April 2016 Visa Bulletin here and the March 2016 Visa Bulletin here.

___________________________

Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP. Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

In our continuing series of reports, Charles (“Charlie”) Oppenheim, Chief of the Visa Control and Reporting Division, U.S. Department of State, shares his most recent analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories with AILA (the American Immigration Lawyers’ Association).

Below are highlights from the most recent “check-in with Charlie” (November 12, 2015), reflecting his analysis of current trends and future projections for the various immigrant preference categories.

This month, Charlie examines the final action date movements in the December 2015 Visa Bulletin and provides his projections for monthly final action date movement through the first calendar quarter of 2016.

EB-2 India: In December, the final action dates for EB-2 India will advance ten months to June 1, 2007. This is largely the result of a necessary correction following a roll-back in the date at the end of last fiscal year. As noted in the Bulletin, Charlie projects that EB-2 India may advance monthly by as much as eight months over the course of the next few months. In speaking with AILA, Charlie mentioned that a monthly advancement of eight months would be the best case scenario, but that the actual advancement is likely to be around four to six months at a time. Charlie expects that this movement will spur EB-3 upgrades which will eventually impact demand, slowing EB-2 India advancement. He expects the upgrade demand will start to materialize in December/January which will slow advancement in early 2016. Should the demand fail to materialize at the expected rate, then the “up to eight” month movement could occur.

The EB-2 and EB-3 China Dynamic: The EB-2 China final action date will remain the same in December 2015 and Charlie does not anticipate much, if any movement in this category over the next few months as he already expects that number use will exceed the targeted usage for the first quarter of the fiscal year. Charlie received requests for 600 numbers in October and has already received approximately 200 requests for numbers to date in November. Therefore, holding the cut-off will allow the number use figure to fall back within the targeted level over a period of time.

Since the final action date for EB-3 China is later than the EB-2 China final action date, Charlie expects that some EB-2 China cases will downgrade to EB-3, which will take some of the demand pressure off of EB-2 China. This phenomenon has happened the last two years and ultimately results in increased EB-3 demand which slows movement or even retrogresses that category, while at the same time allowing EB-2 China to advance once again. Charlie expects this rebalancing to occur at some point next year, possibly as early as April.

F-2A and F-2B: Last year, the family-based 2B category advanced very quickly because the demand did not initially materialize. The dates have now advanced to the point where demand is materializing. A similar phenomenon is occurring with regard to F-2A. The agent of choice letters are not spurring sufficient demand, so until demand materializes, we can expect to see continued advancements in this category. As noted previously, the response rate is low in many of the family-based preference categories.

Impact of Addition of “Filing Dates” Concept: It is too soon to determine when the new process will begin to provide the Visa Office with better visibility into immigrant visa demand so as to even out priority date movements in the employment-based categories. While preliminary data does not suggest that the filing dates adopted by USCIS will show enough demand to be meaningful, the impact, if any, is not expected to be known until at least April 2016 when USCIS starts to request visa numbers based upon the October filings.

Coming Attractions . . .

  • Release of Revamped Foreign Affairs Manual (FAM): The December Visa Bulletin included an announcement that the State Department’s internal guidance, known as the Foreign Affairs Manual (FAM), will be replaced with 9 FAM-e, effective November 18, 2015. The new FAM upon release and updates will be available in the coming weeks.
  • Expect to See the “Visa Waiting List” in the January Visa Bulletin: Charlie and his team are currently compiling the “Visa Waiting List” which will provide information on the waiting list at the National Visa Center (NVC) as of November 1, 2015. An announcement should occur in next month’s Visa Bulletin, if not sooner.

You may access the November 2015 Visa Bulletin here and the December 2015 Visa Bulletin here.

___________________________

Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP.  Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

 

Beginning on October 19, 2015, there will be new direct filing addresses for Form I-140 Immigrant Petitions submitted with a Form I-907 Request for Premium Processing Service if the worksite location is in any of the following states:

  • Maryland
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania

See http://www.uscis.gov/news/i-140-i-485-workload-transfers-and-change-direct-filing-address-certain-form-i-140-petitions-submitted-together-form-i-907-request-premium-processing.

The US Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS or Immigration Service) announced on October 7, 2015, that starting on October 19, 2015, these forms should be filed with the Nebraska Service Center as follows:

Regular Mail: Premium Processing USCIS Nebraska Service Center P.O. Box 87103 Lincoln, NE 68501-7103

or

Express Delivery: Premium Processing USCIS Nebraska Service Center 850 S. Street Lincoln, NE 68508

Seeking Premium Processing should mean that the Immigration Service will take action on the I-140 Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker within 15 calendar days or the $1,225.00 Premium Processing fee will be refunded.

Only certain I-140 Immigrant Petition types are currently eligible for Premium Processing, including:  EB-1 Aliens of Extraordinary Ability; EB-1 Outstanding Professors and Researchers; EB-2 Members of Professions with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability Not Seeking a National Interest Waiver; and EB-3 Workers Other Than Skilled Workers and Professionals; and if designated as available and subject to certain conditions, EB-3 Skilled Workers and EB-3 Professionals.  Premium processing is not available for EB-1 Multinational Executives and Managers nor for EB-2 Members of Professions with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability Seeking a National Interest Waiver.  See http://www.uscis.gov/forms/how-do-i-use-premium-processing-service.

According to USCIS’s October 7, 2015, announcement, in order to upgrade a pending I-140 Immigrant Petition to Premium Processing, the Form I-907 should be sent to the service center that has the pending Form I-140.

Note that only an employer may file a Premium Processing request for an I-140 Immigrant Petition that requires an employer as the petitioner.  The beneficiary of an Immigrant Petition may, however, seek Premium Processing for a self-petition (that is, where the petitioner and beneficiary are the same).  Either party may pay the $1,225.00 Premium Processing filing fee.

USCIS announced that is it making the address change in order to rebalance the workload distribution between the Texas Service Center and the Nebraska Service Center.

______________________

Ms. Wadhwani is a partner in the Immigration Practice Group at Fox Rothschild LLP.  She may be reached at cwadhwani@foxrothschild.com.

CNN Money reports that DHS is being showered with flower deliveries in nonviolent protest against the government’s issuance of a revised October 2015 Visa Bulletin (http://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en/law-and-policy/bulletin/2016/visa-bulletin-for-october-2015.html).  According to the article, a card on one of the flower deliveries read: “[The] Visa Bulletin reversal has caused irreparable harm to our families. We ask you to not inflict injustice on us for no fault of ours.”

You can find more information about the Oct. 2015 Visa Bulletin “Rollback” in my blog post of Sept. 28, 2015.

CNN’s Article is reprinted below:

The Department of Homeland Security is being showered with flower deliveries, a very peaceful protest over a major snafu that has left thousands of immigrants in limbo. The problem began on September 9 when many immigrants checked the State Department’s website for its “Visa Bulletin,” which is updated monthly and which immigrants monitor closely.  That day they got an amazing surprise: Far more people discovered they were eligible to file for the last step of the green card process.  This step in the green card process grants flexibility to change jobs or travel outside the country.  The change impacted thousands of immigrants in the U.S., most of whom are on H-1B visas — the most common visa for high-skilled foreign workers.

On September 25, the State Department issued a revised bulletin: It flubbed and thousands of immigrants would no longer qualify. Immigration lawyers say as many as 50,000 applications were no longer eligible with the change.  Nearly two weeks later, the State Department has given little explanation other than to say the change came after consultation with the Department of Homeland Security. According to a spokeswoman for the Department of Homeland Security, “Further analysis of a recently published Visa Bulletin, intended to improve the issuance of green cards, showed that some of the new filing dates in that bulletin did not accurately reflect visa availability.”  Unsatisfied, the affected immigrants are protesting.  The flowers are just one form, with a card to Jeh Johnson, Secretary of Homeland Security, that read: “Dear Honorable Jeh Johnson, DHS Visa Bulletin reversal has caused irreparable harm to our families. We ask you to not inflict injustice on us (legal immigrants) for no fault of ours. Please fix October Visa Bulletin. We wish you the very best.” The effort is meant to channel the nonviolent protest methods of Mahatma Gandhi.

Flower Protest

Thousands of flowers have been delivered to the Department of Homeland Security, according to Immigration Voice. There is also a lawsuit. Three lawyers filed a class action complaint last week against the Department of State, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson, and Secretary of State John Kerry.

The cost for affected immigrants is real. Families spent anywhere from $2,000 to $5,000 each preparing applications, which would have been due last week.  “We started making plans,” said 45-year-old Sridhar Katta, a mechanical engineer and M.B.A. who lives in Seattle with his wife and 16-year-old twin boys. “All our hopes were dashed within a matter of days.”  According to Vikram Desai, co-founder of a nonprofit group called Immigration Voice, over 150,000 people — including himself — were impacted by the revised bulletin because family members should be counted too.  Desai said the impact is even greater: “The total number of people stuck in green card backlog is over 1 million … there’s something fundamentally broken.”  The green card backlog can mean that it takes some immigrants anywhere from 10 to 70 years before obtaining citizenship. Each year, there are just 140,000 green cards available for foreign workers in the U.S. There are quotas for certain countries and skill levels. The backlog is particularly high for Chinese and Indian citizens.

“The lack of transparency in how [the government] is reaching a decision and managing this process is a significant frustration for the immigrants,” said Lyden Melmed, a partner at Berry, Appelman & Leiden in Washington who previously was Chief Counsel of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. “They absolutely could and should release all of their calculations.”

Desai said they are hoping for a statement from the Department of Homeland Security as soon as this week. “I don’t know what the consequences were that they have to backtrack,” said Tahmina Watson, an immigration attorney in Seattle. “This is the worst miscalculation they could do … Don’t say anything if you’re going to change it.”

___________________________

Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP. Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

 

In a move that has crushed the hopes of untold numbers of would-be applicants for US permanent residence, the US Department of State (USDOS) issued a revised October 2015 Visa Bulletin which dramatically set back the new “Dates for Filing Applications”.  See http://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en/law-and-policy/bulletin.html.

The revised October 2015 Visa Bulletin was issued last Friday, September 25, 2015, and supersedes the October 2015 Visa Bulletin that was issued on September 9, 2015.

As a result, the following categories now have later filing dates as indicated:

Category                  NEW Filing Date

EB-2 China…………..1/1/2013 (back 1 year and 5 months from the original October 2015 Visa Bulletin)

EB-2 India……………..7/1/2009 (back 2 years from the original October 2015 Visa Bulletin)

EB-3 Philippines…..1/1/2010 (back 5 years from the original October 2015 Visa Bulletin)

FB-1 Mexico…………..4/1/1995 (back 3 months from the original October 2015 Visa Bulletin )

FB-3 Mexico…………..5/1/1995 (back 1 year and 5 months from the original October 2015 Visa Bulletin ).

This means that an intending greencard applicant may only file an adjustment application in October 2015 if his or her priority date is earlier than the Date for Filing as listed in the revised October 2015 Visa Bulletin (the one that was released on September 25, 2015).

It’s impossible to tell how many people were fervently working toward preparing adjustment applications AND making life decisions based on the previously issued Dates for Filing.

As they say, “easy come, easy go”, but this just doesn’t seem fair.  Questions are also being raised regarding the legality of this unexpected move.

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Ms. Wadhwani is a partner in the Immigration Practice group of Fox Rothschild LLP.  She may be reached at cwadhwani@foxrothschild.com.

In follow up to my post of 9/17/2015 in which we explained the Department of State’s new procedures for establishing immigrant visa filing dates (vs. final action dates), please be advised that the DOS has updated those dates (on 09/25/2015).  Anyone who plans to file for Adjustment of Status in October 2015 must review these new dates to determine if they are still eligible to file.

Please see below for the new information posted on the DOS’s website in reference to the October 20015 Bulletin:

“Immigrant Numbers for October 2015 

Revised September 25, 2015 

This bulletin supersedes the bulletin for October 2015 that was originally published on September 9, 2015, and contained Dates for Filing Applications long used by the Department of State for internal processing purposes. Following consultations with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Dates for Filing Applications for some categories in the Family-Sponsored and Employment-Based preferences have been adjusted to better reflect a timeframe justifying immediate action in the application process. The Dates for Filing Applications sections (sections 4.B. and 5.B.) which have been adjusted have been identified in Bold type.

Please be advised that DHS will rely on this revised bulletin, rather than the bulletin published on September 9, 2015, when considering whether an individual is eligible to file an application for adjustment of status.”

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Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP.  Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.

If Congress should fail to pass a FY2016 budget or Continuing Resolution before October 1, 2015, the government, including the Department of Labor will shut down (again; previously occurred in October 2013). This will directly affect the Department of Labor’s Office of Foreign Labor Certification (OFLC) since its functions are not “excepted” from a shutdown and its employees would be placed in furlough status should a lapse in appropriated funds occur. Consequently, in the event of a government shutdown, OFLC will not accept applications or related materials (such as audit responses) as of October 1, nor will it process those already received, including Labor Condition Applications, Applications for Prevailing Wage Determination, Applications for Temporary Employment Certification (H-2A/H-2B), or Applications for Permanent Employment Certification. Furthermore, DOL’s online systems (iCERT and PERM) will not be operational and will not accept PERM, LCA, or prevailing wage applications, and authorized users will not be able to access their online accounts.  While DOL made accommodations in 2013 to accept applications that were affected by the shutdown, there is no way to be certain it will do so again.

We, along with you, are hopeful that Congress will take the steps necessary to prevent another government shutdown, but you should be aware that this may directly impact nonimmigrant and visa processing.

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Alka Bahal is a Partner and the Co-Chair of the Corporate Immigration Practice of Fox Rothschild LLP.  Alka is situated in Fox Rothschild’s Roseland, New Jersey office though she practices throughout the United States and at Consulates worldwide. You can reach Alka at (973) 994-7800, or abahal@foxrothschild.com.